Anti-Torpedo Boat and Machine-guns of
HomeN GatN NorN HotN GdrN MitN AutoN1
AnimatedGuns

References:

 

Gatling:

G1. Weapons of the American Civil War, Ian V Hogg, 1987 ISBN 0-600-55259-4

G2. The Gatling Gun, Joseph Berk, 1991, ISBN 0-87364-644-4

G3. The Gatling Gun Notebook, 2000, James B Hughes, ISBN 0-917218-94-9

G4. U.S. Patent 36,836 dated 4 November 1862, Improvements in Revolving Battery Guns, Richard J Gatling, Indianapolis, Indiana

G5. U.S. Patent 47,631 dated 9 May 1865, Improvement in Battery-Guns, Richard J Gatling, Indianapolis, Indiana

 

 

Nordenfelt:

N1. Manual of Gunnery for Her Majesty's Fleet, 1885

N2. Handbook of the 1" Nordenfelt Gun, 1883

N3. Nordenfelt Machine Guns, Nordenfelt, 1884

N4. Nordenfelt's Machine Guns, Ian Skennerton, Arms and Militaria Collector, No. 24

N5. Treatise on Ammunition, 1887

N6.

 

Hotchkiss:

H1. The Hotchkiss Revolving Cannon, Lieut... Edward Very USN, 1885

H2. A Description of the Hotchkiss Revolving Cannon, Alfred Koerner, 1874

H3. The Hotchkiss Revolving Cannon, Alfred Koerner, 1879

H4. On Hotchkiss' Revolving Guns, B. B. Hotchkiss, Journal of the Royal United Service Institution, Vol.. XXIV, 1880

H5. Hotchkiss 37mm Revolving Cannon, Peter Smithurst, Royal Armouries Year Book Volume 2, 1997

H6. The Hotchkiss Revolver Revisited, Roger Cook, Ordnance Society Newsletter No. 72, Oct 2005

H7. The Congress of St. Petersburg - D. Schindler and J. Toman, The Laws of Armed Conflicts, 3rd ed., Martinus Nijhoff Publishers/Henry Dunant Institute, Dordrecht/Geneva, 1988

 

Gardner:

Gn1. Royal Armouries, Leeds, information for visitors.

Gn2. Handbook for the 0.45" Gardner Gun (5 Barrels) 1895, HMSO

Gn3. Handbook for the 0.45" Gardner Gun (5 Barrels) 1886, HMSO

Gn4. Handbook for the 0.45" Gardner Gun (2 Barrels) Mark I, 1886, HMSO

Gn5. The Machine Gun, Volume I, Lieutenant Colonel Geroge M. Chinn, USMC, 1951

Gn6. Rifle Calibre Artillery: The Gardner Battery Gun, James W. Alley Jr. American Society of Arms Collectors Bulletine No 89.

Gn7. U.S. Patent No. 216,266 dated June 10, 1879, Improvements in Machine-Guns, granted to William Gardner

Gn8. U.S. Patent No. 245,710 dated August 16, 1881, Machine-Gun, granted to William Gardner

Gn9. U.S. Patent No. 228,777 dated June 15, 1880, Machine-Gun, granted to Edward G Parkhurst and the Pratt & Whitney company

 

Mitrailleuse:

m1. The Mitrailleuse, by Dr. Patrick Marder, 2006, MilitaryHistoryOnline.com

m2. Die franzsische Mitraileuse. Zum ersten Male volstndig in allen ihren einzelnen Theilen bescrieben und dargestellt, von G.von P, 1871. (The French Mitraileuse. For the first time Described in full length in its several parts and illustrated)

m3. The French Mitrailleuse: Full and Complete Description of the Construction, Service etc. Translated by Lt.Cdr W.M. Folger U.S.N, 1873 (translation of m2)

m4. Die franzsische Mitraileuse der Feldartillerie.. Kurze Beschreibung und Beurtheilung von Geschtz und Munition, Weygand, Herrmann, 1871 (The French Mitrailleuse field artillery .. Brief description and Assessment of gun and ammunition)

m5. Ueber Karttschgeschtze (canons balles, mitrailleurs).. mit 45 Abbildungen aut 2 Tafeln, Willie, Carl Richard, 1871 (About shrapnel guns (canons balles, mitrailleur) .. with 45 illustrations on 2 Plates)

m6. Wikipedia – Mitrailleuse

m7. Compound Guns, Many-Barreled Rifle Batteries, Machine Guns, or Mitrailleurs, Captain J. F. Owen, R.A. 1874

m8. Die Ruckladungs-gewehre, Fragmente ihrer Entstehungs – und Entwickelungs – Geschichte in 102 lithiographirten und colorirten Blttern. A Mattenheimer, 1876 (Breechloading guns, Notes of their origins - and of development - History in 102 lithographs and coloured profiles)

 

Gatling Nordenfelt Hotchkiss Gardner Mitrailleuse Automatic MGs